Volume 2020, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094


There is limited research outside the USA, Europe, or Australia on the capacity, efficiency, and development of prehospital emergency medicine services (EMS) between urban and rural areas. This study aimed to examine the usage of prehospital EMS across rural and urban areas in Riyadh region in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A random sample of 800 (400 urban and 400 rural) emergency patient records from the Saudi Red Crescent Authority EMS was collected. The following variables were analyzed: patient demographics, clinical characteristics, length of hospital stay, and length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay. A skewed distribution was noted with respect to sex, i.e., 559 men versus 241 women. Rural patients were younger (42.75 vs. 39.72 years) and had significantly longer hospital (15 days versus 9 days) and ICU (5 days versus 2 days) stays than urban patients following transportation. All injury types were comparable, except for head injury, which was higher in the rural group than in the urban group. Advanced treatment and trauma transport were more often used in rural areas than in urban areas. In this study, rural EMS users were more likely to experience trauma-related incidents that necessitate EMS transportation, while medical reasons were more common among urban EMS users. Moreover, men used EMS at much higher rates than women and were more likely to be transported to the hospital following a call-out.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Rural; Urban; Emergency Medical Services; Saudi Arabia; Riyadh
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