2 - International Conference in Emergency Medicine and Public Health-Qatar Proceedings
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094


Diabetes Mellitus is a worldwide disease that leads to several acute complications including diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis is usually preceded by infection, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, or other dire events. There is one report where diabetic ketoacidosis was reported to be associated with acute arterial embolism. Acute arterial thrombosis is a rare disease that requires immediate treatment.

We present a diabetic patient who presented with acute arterial embolism and developed diabetic ketoacidosis. This is the first case in our hospital in which we have reported with acute brachial artery thrombosis and DKA.

We present a 68 years old male chronic smoker with a 25 year history of type 2 Diabetes (non-compliant to medications), Peripheral vascular disease, dyslipidemia and transient ischemic attack. He experienced severe pain and numbness in his right arm and forearm with no wound, puncture lesion or ecchymosis. Forearm was cold, pale with delayed capillary refill on right hand. Right brachial, right radial and right ulnar arteries were not palpable. Strong pulsations of the right subclavicular and right carotid arteries were palpated. This led to a strong suspicion of an acute thrombosis of the right brachial artery. Emergency thrombectomy with +/ −  fasciotomy was planned. Patient was anticoagulated with intravenous heparin. Patient's blood sugar was persistently elevated and blood gases showed mild acidosis. Urinary examination confirmed presence of diabetic ketoacidosis.

A high index of suspicion of diabetic ketoacidosis in patients with acute arterial thrombosis may lead to early recognition and treatment, avoiding any adverse outcome.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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