1887
Volume 2016, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • E-ISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Reports on burden of hepatitis C and hepatitis B virus (HCV/HBV) are a big challenge for district to minimize the transmission of associated risk factors. Study was conducted to know the prevalence of HCV/HBV infection in pregnant women and their blood donors attended a surgical referral clinic for cesarean delivery.

To determine the prevalence of HCV/HBV infection among pregnant women and their blood donors.

A cross-sectional analytical study (record review) of all pregnant women and their blood donors (family members) was conducted from 10th to 15th February 2015 at a private surgical clinic in district Naushahro Feroze. Data from 1st January to 31st December 2014 gathered on results of blood screening used by ELISA test.

Of 175 women aged 15–52 years, 13% (n = 22) tested positive (13 HCV; 9 HBV) besides these a total of 656 blood donors aged 16–40 years reported for blood donations and were 22% (n = 145) tested positive (80 HCV; 65 HBV). The highest positivity rate was seen in women aged 25 years or less (26%) compared with those aged above 25 years (9%) OR = 3.02 (95% CI 1.03 to 9.98). Statistically significant difference was identified between ages of donors who were aged below 25 years were high positivity rate (30%) compared to above 25 years positive for hepatitis infection (24%) OR = 1.15. 02 (95% CI 1.01 to 2.34).

One in eight pregnant women attending surgical clinic for cesarean delivery and one in five blood donors who came to attend for bleed has evidence of HCV/HBV infection. These HCV/HBV positive mothers may be at increased risk of transmitting HCV/HBV infection to their unborn babies. We suggest that all pregnant women attending 1st antenatal care be tested for HCV/HBV infection; exposed babies need to receive HBV vaccines at birth. Further molecular studies on risk factors needed in these settings.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2016.icepq.32
2016-10-09
2019-12-15
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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