1887
Volume 2016, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • E-ISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Trauma is a major cause of death worldwide that can result death or permanent disability. Globally, 6–10% of all deaths are attributed to traumatic injuries. In Saudi Arabia, trauma is a public burden as a result of its socioeconomic impact. Our aim is to describe the pattern of traumatic injuries and predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients admitted through the ED of King Abdulaziz Medical City.

A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 3786 trauma-injured patients admitted from 2012 to 2014. Data on: patient characteristics, trauma characteristics and outcome characteristics, were extracted from a prospectively collected database. Logistic regression analysis and ROC curve were applied.

Of 3786, (77.5%) of victims were males, (29.8%) injuries occurred in the age group (15–25 years). Blunt injuries constituted (87.1%), followed by burns (7%), intentional injuries (5%) and drowning & foreign body (1%). Data showed seasonal variation with two main peaks in March and August (p < 0.001). In-hospital mortality rate was (4.7%. Significant predictors of in-hospital mortality were age (p < 0.001), intubation need (p = 0.009), ISS (p < 0.001), RTS (p = 0.007), GCS (p = .004) and road traffic accidents (p = 0.001). The cut-off points for prediction of in-hospital mortality: were as follows: ISS = 22, AUC = 93%, ATS = 9, AUC = 78% and GCS = 8, AUC = 83%.

Our recommendation is targeted to ED policy makers to recognize the patterns of injury and the seasonal variation to structure and distribute the facilities and staff in a cost-effective manner. Also, enforcing trauma preventative measures should be encouraged. Secondly, for ED physicians to enhance the use of in-hospital predictors of mortality. Finally, educational programs targeting the general population are essential to cover all aspects.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2016.icepq.24
2016-10-09
2019-11-16
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2016.icepq.24
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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