1887

oa Bandar Abbas and Bandar Lengeh Iran

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Figures

    ▸  Area: 56.9 km approx. ▸  Population: 367,508 ▸  Density: 6,459/km
The area and population figures are based on 2006 estimates
    ▸  Area: 8.3 km approx. ▸  Population: 25,303 ▸  Density: 3,049/km
The area and population figures are based on 2006 estimates
    ▸  Area: 3.3 km ▸  Population: 15,000 approx. ▸  Density: 4,545/km
    ▸  Area: 3.2 km ▸  Population: 5,000 approx. ▸  Density: 1,563/km
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FIGURE 7.3 Each column represents one day, each cell represents one hour
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FIGURE 7.7 Each column represents one day, each cell represents one hour
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IMAGE 7.1 Aerial photograph of Bandar Abbas, 1947
IMAGE 7.2 Aerial photograph of Bandar Lengeh, 1947
FIGURE 7.10 The transitional period from the historic past to modern times for Bandar Abbas is identified as from the 1970s to the mid-1980s. The Iranian government’s decision to build a new deep-water port 8 km southwest of Bandar Abbas, opened in 1967, began to change the city markedly. The port can accommodate vessels with 10-m displacements and has an annual capacity of 1.5 million tons of cargo. In 1968, 220,000 tons of cargo passed through the harbour, and, by 1972–73, total tonnage reached 300,000. At the same time, the fishing fleet was revitalized and canning factory output hit 2.5 million. The Iranian naval headquarters in the Gulf was transferred there in 1973 and the Bandar Abbas-Kerman highway was constructed. During the Iran-Iraq war of 1980–1988, Bandar Abbas was developed as the country’s major commercial port. By the 1990s, about 75% of Iranian imports through the Gulf were offloaded at Bandar Abbas. The population grew from 17,710 in 1956 to 89,103 in 1976, and to 185,850 in 1984, to reach more than 450,000 by 2011. City master plans were made in 1968 and 2009.
FIGURE 7.11 The transitional period from the historic past to the modern times for Bandar Lengeh is identified as from the 1970s to the mid-1980s, following the growth of nearby Bandar Abbas, albeit at a significantly slower pace and with less impact on the urban fabric. In 1925, after the establishment of the new Pahlavi regime, modern elements of governance were introduced into Lengeh, including the creation of a police force, the establishment of permanent barracks, and the building of a post office. However, the economy remained stagnant and the population in 1956 was under 5,000. With the growth of development in nearby Bandar Abbas in the 1970s, the population of Lengeh reached 9,000, as the agriculture in the area and its port provided some of the needs of Bandar Abbas. The town received a token master plan in the 1970s and a new plan in 2010.
IMAGE 7.3 Outskirts of Bandar Abbas, 1973
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FIGURE 7.16 The rocky formation of the Zagros Mountains close to the coast prevents the surface flow of water from penetrating the land surface. As a result, precipitation converges to seasonal wadis, which flow to the periphery of the cities.
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IMAGE 7.4 Cisterns in Bandar Abbas
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IMAGE 7.5 Aerial view of Bandar Abbas
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IMAGE 7.6 Ghaledari Mosque, with its location in Bandar Abbas
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IMAGE 7.7 Aerial image of Bandar Langeh, 1950
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IMAGE 7.8 Birka cistern
IMAGE 7.9 Birka cistern: detail
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IMAGE 7.10 Aerial view of Bandar Lengeh
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IMAGE 7.11 Architecture of a traditional house in Bandar Lengeh
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