1887
Carbon Capture and Storage Workshop, Texas A&M University in Qatar
  • ISSN: 2220-2765
  • E-ISSN:

Abstract

Abstract

The solution to the carbon conundrum does not seem to be within reach in the short or medium term, despite significant advances and knowledge gains in demonstration scale CCS facilities. This stems from the fact that currently carbon management has no binding policies and legal framework. Without this legislation, it is unlikely that international cooperation in carbon trade and management would flourish. The situation is also exacerbated by doubts about the suitability of sites and global capacity to store captured CO . Sophisticated cost models have been developed for carbon capture and storage, and these indicate that cost reduction in the complete carbon value chain should be focused on the capture phase as this is the most energy intensive. However, there are uncertainties about properly costing carbon storage as this should involve search for suitable site location costs. The GCC states have characteristics that make them one of the largest consumers of fresh water and energy in the world, and by default emitters of CO  per capita. There are currently no demonstration or commercial scale CCS facilities in the GCC and in the short term, it is unlikely to be the case given that current carbon capture technologies favor coal rather than natural gas as fuel in power plants. It is also unlikely that underground carbon storage be considered in the short term, given the risk of CO  plume migration that may displace brine in saline formations into strata containing hydrocarbon resources or potable. It is therefore imperative that substantial research be conducted to identify storage sites, reduce energy consumption in carbon capture and develop alternatives to CCS in the form of carbon conversion into useful products or minerals with low environmental impact. The GCC have tremendous opportunities to lead the world in carbon management given their strong experience in hydrocarbon processing. However, this may only be successful if agreed policies and legal frameworks are in place to facilitate a robust carbon pricing.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.21
2012-12-20
2019-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/stsp/2012/2/stsp.2012.ccs.21.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.21&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ebinger C., Hultman N., Massy K., Avasarola G. and Rebois D.  Options for low carbon development in countries of Gulf Cooperation Council. Energy security initiatives at Brookings: Policy brief. 2011; 11-02::
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Kinninmont J. The GCC in 2020: Resources for the Future, Economist Intelligence Unit. 2010.
  3. Schwab K. The middles east and north africa at risk 2010, World Economic Forum GlobalRisks, Marrakesh, Morroco, 2010.
  4. Global CCS Institute. Strategic Analysis of the Global Status of Carbon Capture and Storage, report 2: Economic Assessment of Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies, 2009.
  5.  IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Cambridge University Press. 2005.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Al-Naser W.E.  Solar and wind energy potential in GCC countries and some related projects. J Renewable Sustainable Energy. 2009; 1::
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Lam M.K. and Lee K.T.  Microalgae biofuels: A critical review of issues, problems and the way forward. Biotech Adv. 2012; 30::673690.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Omae I.  Aspects of carbon dioxide utilization. Catalysis Today. 2006; 115::3352.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Benyahia F. The Carbon Conundrum: Challenges and opportunities in the Gulf region, Downstream Technology Conference, Kuwait (Feb 2012).
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.21
Loading
/content/journals/10.5339/stsp.2012.ccs.21
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error