Volume 2016, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 2218-7480
  • EISSN:


In 2014, many saw in the establishment of the Islamic State over parts of Iraq and Syria and in the subsequent “restoration” of the Caliphate by Emir Abou Bakr al-Baghdadi a "return" to the foundations of Islam as well as the fulfilment of the dream of an Islamic "renewal". The Islamic State was thus depicted by its supporters as a political entity that was supposed to have existed since the beginning of Islamic political history and as being an intrinsic part of traditional Islamic jurisprudence. In fact, however, the Islamic State belongs largely to an “invented tradition” and is better interpreted as a politico-religious utopia, with little connection to the past.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Peace, Islam, Islamic State, Utopia, Violence
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