Volume 2012, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 2218-7480
  • EISSN:


This paper outlines a tripartite approach to ecology, based on the ancient Hindu text, the Bhagavad Gita. It proposes a holistic approach to life based on a philosophical trinity that encompasses: ecology, spirituality and humanity. This trinity is sourced from and outlined in the Sanskrit concepts of human/nature relationships (yagna), human/divine relationships (tapas) and human/human relationships (dana). These terms are translated into the conceptual themes of ‘Soil’, ‘Soul’ and ‘Society’, and explored in light of current environmental issues and trends. Taking inspiration from the Hindu text, it is proposed: that we must realise, rather than being separate, we are interdependent and part of nature (Soil); that we must reconnect with our souls, and become at peace with ourselves if we are to have a harmonious relationship with nature (Soul); and that a movement is needed to create fairer conditions for humanity, that foster social harmony, and align with care for the earth and our own souls (Society). It is argued that each element of this tripartite philosophy must be applied together because they are interdependent; only in this way can we solve the disharmony, violence and destruction being caused to humanity and the environment.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): environmentalismHindu ecologysocial harmonysocietysoil and soul
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