1887

oa Manama and Muharraq

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Figures

2012
    ▸  Area: 36 km ▸  Population: 109,695 ▸  3,047/km
2012
    ▸  Area: 66 km ▸  Population: 329,510 ▸  Density: 4,993/km
1951
    ▸  Area: 3,44 km ▸  Population: 43,000 ▸  Density: 12,500/km
The area figure is based on a 1953 estimate, and the population figure is based on a 1950 estimate.
1955
    ▸  Area: 1.36 km ▸  Population: 39,600 ▸  Density: 29,118/km
The area figure is based on a 1953 estimate, and the population figure is based on a 1950 estimate.
IMAGE 3.1 Map of Bahrain, 1951
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IMAGE 3.2 Islamic carved stone, 7th century CE
IMAGE 3.3 Ships from Dilmun: relief tablet showing Ur-Nanshe, King of Lagash in Mesopotamia, 2500 BCE
IMAGE 3.4 Barbar temples
IMAGE 3.5 Souq Al-Kharow in Muharraq, c. 1880
IMAGE 3.6 Muharraq Souq in the 1940s
IMAGE 3.7 Manama, view from the north in the 1940s
IMAGE 3.8 Muharraq port, c. 1919
FIGURE 3.6 The transition period from the historic past to the modern times for the cities of Manama and Muharraq in Bahrain is identified from the mid-1930s to the end of the 1940s. In these defining years, the city experienced the first commercialization of oil, development of modern road networks, first commercial flights, and major civil and social infrastructure projects, such as land reclamation and the Friday Mosque built by oil revenues. In 1951, there is the latest trace of the historic city core and the commencement of construction of waterfront highways and major arterial connections in the transportation network. In a similar case to Kuwait City, Manama started to experience the first traces of modernization in the decades of the 1910s and 1920s, an outcome of the strong commercial and trade hub that existed on the island. The influx of oil revenues during the 1930s was the deciding factor that pushed the city from its historic past to its modern period.
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IMAGE 3.9 Pearl divers at work
IMAGE 3.10 A pearling boat
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IMAGE 3.11 Manama, 1968
IMAGE 3.12 Muharraq, 1968
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IMAGE 3.13 The Manama seafront in the 1920s
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IMAGE 3.15 Views and details
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