1887
Volume 2023, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • EISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Background: The incidence of stroke in the Middle East is high, given its relatively young population. Smoking is a well-recognized risk factor for ischaemic stroke, and its high regional prevalence may partly account for this increased stroke risk. This research aims to determine whether young male South Asian migrants in Qatar were adversely affected by stroke depending on their smoking status.

Methods: Data from the ongoing international prospective BRAINS study was analysed. Male South Asian migrants to Qatar with a history of ischaemic stroke were recruited. Multivariate regression analysis was used to estimate the effects of comorbidities, such as BMI, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, alcohol consumption, and ischemic heart disease, on the association of age of stroke onset and smoking status.

Results: We identified 778 (mean age 49.5±10.2) migrant male workers of South Asian descent with ischaemic stroke in Qatar, of which 41.3% of the sample were current smokers. Compared to non-smokers, current smokers suffered a stroke 2.03 years earlier (95%CI: 0.60–3.46, =0.005). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that only current smoking status was associated with an earlier age of stroke onset (=2.03, SE=0.74, =0.006).

Conclusion: Smoking is associated with at least a two-year earlier onset of ischaemic stroke in male South Asian migrants to the Middle East. Our study has important implications for the public health management of migrants in host countries.

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2023-09-07
2024-07-15
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): cigarette smokingIschaemic strokemigrants and South Asian
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