1887
Volume 2007, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0253-8253
  • E-ISSN: 2227-0426

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study is to review the maternal and neonatal outcome in pregnant diabetic women given a trial of labor and delivered macrosomic infants (>4000 grams) and to assess the accuracy of birth weight prediction by ultrasound examination at term.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine charts of pregnant diabetic women were reviewed, sixty eight women were given a trial of labor and delivered macrosomic fetuses (>4000 grams), fifty of them had vaginal delivery and the other eighteen had caesarean delivery. In the other group, 61 patients delivered by elective caesarean section, for 41 of them the indication was fetal macrosomia (>4000 grams) as estimated by ultrasound examination and in the other 20, it was due to clinical estimation of big baby. Maternal and neonatal complications were reviewed in each group. Maternal complications included lacerations, hemorrhage and infection and the neonatal complications evaluated were shoulder dystocia and associated birth trauma, asphyxia, and mortality. The accuracy of ultrasound in estimating fetal weight was also evaluated.

Results: Sixty eight (52.7%) women attempted a trial of labor; 73.5% delivered vaginally and 26.5% had a caesarean delivery. All, except two, had macrosomic fetuses (>4000 grams). Only one woman, of those who delivered vaginally, had postpartum hemorrhage due to atonic uterus. The incidence of shoulder dystocia for infants weighing 4000-4499 grams was 6.3% and those infants had the same incidence (6.3%) of brachial plexus injury. There was no perinatal asphyxia or perinatal mortality among those infants who were delivered vaginally. There were no maternal complications for women who had caesarean delivery after labor (18 patients) but there was perinatal asphyxia in two infants who were treated properly without any neurological sequele. Elective caesarean delivery was performed in 47.3% of the study population. There were no neonatal complications or perinatal mortality in this group of patients and only one woman had wound infection. The sonographic prediction of fetal weight was accurate in 52.4% of the cases. The over estimation was in 50.8% of the estimated fetal weights and 49.2% of them were underestimated when compared to actual birth weights.

Conclusions: Caution should be taken in the use of sonographic estimations of fetal weight to guide obstetric decisions concerning labor and delivery. Special consideration should be given to diabetic patients having fetuses with estimatedfetal weights between 4000 and 4500 grams. Flexibility in the management of these patients is best, taking in consideration their previous obstetric performance and if the estimated fetal weight is closer to 4500grams than to 4000 grams, it is perhaps, better to proceed to a primary caesarean delivery.

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2007-06-01
2019-08-20
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