1887
Proceedings of the 24th World International Traffic Medicine Association Congress, Qatar 2015
  • ISSN: 2223-0440
  • E-ISSN:

Abstract

Road traffic injuries (RTI) are the leading cause of death in Qatar with one in eight deaths from all causes due to RTIs. Furthermore, motor vehicle crashes (MVC) are becoming a growing public health problem and the use of seatbelt is universally low throughout the nation. The aim of our study was to investigate and highlight potential socio-demographic risk factors that contribute to seatbelt non-compliance. A prospective cross-sectional survey of all adults admitted with orthopaedic injuries following a MVC was conducted. A physician-administered questionnaire was used to interview all patients. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to examine the association of various risk factors and seatbelt compliance. One hundred and seventy one patients were interviewed over a twelve-month period. Of the 171 patients, 103 patients (60%) (92 males, 11 females) were not wearing a seatbelt compared to 68 patients (59 males, 8 females) wearing a seatbelt. The mean age of the non-compliant patients was 32.8 years compared to 33.8 years of the compliant patients. Seatbelt compliance was associated with gender (OR: 11.3), nationality (ORs: 7.6 and 1.9), position in the car (OR: 14.2), education of the patient (ORs: 25.9 and 30.5), time of the injury (OR: 3.3), marital status (OR: 6.5), awareness of seatbelt campaign (OR: 5.9) and owner of a vehicle (OR: 11.2). The majority of non-compliant patients were single males from a Middle Eastern background that we involved in a MVC during the weekend. The majority of patients admitted with orthopaedic injuries following MVCs were not wearing seatbelts. The majority of non-compliant patients were driving 4WD vehicles and had crashes on main roads. A further national seatbelt campaign is required to promote the importance of seatbelt compliance amongst young male drivers with more stringent traffic penalties.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jlghs.2015.itma.37
2015-11-12
2019-12-15
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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