1887
1 - The 3rd Annual International Conference on Information and Sciences
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Workplace violence represents a severe problem facing health systems in almost all countries globally. Communication failure is thought to be the major issue that initiates violence.

This study aimed to test the effectiveness of a short training course for junior doctors on how to deal with patients’ aggressive attitudes in a trial to de-escalate violence against them.

This interventional randomized trial was conducted in a sample of hospitals in Baghdad and Karbala governorates, Iraq, from August 2021 through July 2022. A pre-training survey was conducted to collect data from a sample of junior doctors (1079) to explore their exposure to violent attacks. The one-arm randomized trial measured the difference in exposure of 190 doctors to violent attacks during a comparable period, six months before and six months after the training.

Three-quarters (74.8%) of the sample reported exposure to lifetime violence. The prevalence of exposure to violence in the six months before the intervention was 66.8%, while six months after the training, it dropped to 53.2%, with a statistically significant difference.

A two-day training proved effective in reducing violent incidents. This result indicates the necessity of starting a nationwide, wide-scale, regular, periodic training program for junior doctors to de-escalate violence. The findings of this study represent a message to policymakers to make more efforts to lessen violence against healthcare workers.

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2024-01-27
2024-07-24
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Keyword(s): De-escalationIraqjunior doctors and Violence
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