1887
2 - International Conference in Emergency Medicine and Public Health-Qatar Proceedings
  • ISSN: 1999-7086
  • EISSN: 1999-7094

Abstract

Ebola viral disease (EVD) outbreak 2014 in West Africa declared as Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) according to IHR (2005), Sudanas member state committed to plan and respond to PHEIC. Sudan was in a great risk to be affected by EVD due to the previous history of EVD outbreaks in 1976, 2004 and 1979, long open borders with Limited resource and poor infrastructure, presence of united nation mission in Darfur (UNAMID) coming from all over Africa.

To assess preparedness and response of Sudan to EVD 2015 within the context of IHR 2005.

This descriptive cross-sectional assessment was conducted using; WHO checklist to evaluate Ebola preparedness in different sectors, reviewing Ebola committee's reports, and IHR focal points reports.

According to the IHR Domains analysis; existing of coordination mechanism at all level and active participation of National Focal Point (NFP) was (92%) Surveillance core capacity (53%), surveillance system was sensitized and capacity-building for surveillance officers were achieved. However Event and community based surveillance were still lacking behind Response and preparedness core capacity (40%); national response plan in place, command center was identified; border states were classified as high risk states accordingly, rehabilitation of isolation centers were priority, although the Protocols, guidelines and case managements were available. Majority of IHR requirements for ground crossing (POEs) were not fulfilled, although the preparedness at Khartoum International Airport scored (60%) Risk communication core capacity (42%); Distribution of fact sheets, awareness raising sessions of different group conducted. Risk communication plan should be implemented.

Risk of importation of EVD cases is moderate. Strong political commitment exists, urgent coordination mechanize with neighboring countries needs to be activated. Appropriate training for staff in case management and IPC is needed. Sudan need to Enhance and implement Event base and community based surveillance.

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/content/journals/10.5339/jemtac.2016.icepq.131
2016-10-09
2020-07-05
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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