Volume 2013, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 2305-7823
  • E-ISSN:


The incidence of hemopericardium following percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty is reported at 1–3%, being related to either trans-septal puncture, or left ventricular perforation with guide wires or balloons. We report a case of percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty for a middle-aged man with moderately severe rheumatic mitral stenosis. The procedure was performed through a right femoral vein approach, employing the multitrack technique, utilizing 2 balloons (20 and 18 mm). Inadvertently, the procedure was complicated by cardiac tamponade. Despite immediate diagnosis and prompt pericardiocentesis, hemodynamic stability was not maintained. Echocardiography revealed a mass in the posterior pericardial sac. The patient was arrested in asystole, and rigorously resuscitated during transfer to the operating room. Exploration revealed a tear in the left ventricular apex that was adequately sutured. In a few days, the patient gradually regained adequate consciousness, and was ultimately discharged. Post-procedural echocardiography revealed a mitral valve area of 1.9 cm2, with no mitral regurgitation.


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Supplementary File 1

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): cardiac tamponade , left ventricular perforation and percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty
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